Mumtaz Mahal born Arjumand Banu; 27 April 1593 – 17 June 1631) was the Empress consort of theMughal Empire   from 19 January 1628 to 17 June 1631 as the chief consort of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan . The Taj Mahal in Agra   was commissioned by her husband to act as her tomb.

Mumtaz Mahal was born in Agra. . Her father held high office in the Mughal Empire, and the niece of Empress Nur Jahan.  She was married at the age of 19 on 30 April 1612 to Prince Khurram, later known by his regnal name Shah Jahan, who conferred upon her the title “Mumtaz Mahal” .  Mumtaz and her husband had fourteen children.Mumtaz Mahal died in 1631 in Burhanpur during the birth of her fourteenth child, a daughter named Gauhar Ara Begum . Shah Jahan had the Taj Mahal built as a tomb for her, which is considered to be a monument of undying love.

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