Lulav and Dates
In ancient times, the Date Palm tree was a vital resource for the inhabitants of Eretz Israel and it became a symbol of success and prosperity. On the first day of the Sukkot festival the Israelites were commanded to take the four species, as stated in Leviticus 23:40 – “On the first day you shall take the product of the citron trees, branches of palm trees, boughs of leafy trees and willows of the brook”. Tradition has conclusively identified the term “branches of palm trees” as the lulav (frond) that grows at the top of the date palm tree.
Roofed with Palm Frond Bases
The trunks of felled date palm trees provided material for building houses and huts. The whole trunks served as pillars and the worked beams were used as the base for the ceiling. The palm frond bases, which are the thin stems where the date fruit grows, were woven to create sieves for sorting grains.
Palm Fronds and Fibers
The leaves of the Date Palm were called by various names in different biblical sources The midrash in Rabbah Genesis emphasizes the use of palm branches as covering for the huts (sukkot) in which the Israelites were commanded to dwell during the days of the Sukkot festival Strong fibers that were woven into rope grow in the base of the palm fronds. These ropes were used to make baskets, mats, etc.