100th Death Anniversary of Klimt – Schiele – Moser – Wagner
In 1918 four of the most important artists of the modern age died: Gustav Klimt, Egon Schiele, Koloman Moser and Otto Wagner. Now they are being celebrated jointly on a block of stamps.The period around 1900 was a golden age for art and culture in Vienna. In 1897 the association of artists known as the Vienna Secession was founded. Its motto Ver Sacrum, “sacred Spring”, which was the title of an important art journal, symbolised the hope of a new awakening in art. In the field of handicrafts, the Wiener Werkstätte strove to expand art into an everyday context; the decorative Jugendstil, with its sweeping lines and floral elements, superseded historicism, and expressionism started to develop.
The block of stamps shows Koloman Moser’s painting “Spring”, Gustav Klimt’s “Death and Life”, alight urban railway station designed by Otto Wagner and a self-portrait by Egon Schiele.
100 Years of the Republic of Austria
After the end of the First World War and the fall of the monarchy, the Republic of Austria was created in 1918. Austrian Post is dedicating a commemorative stamp to this significant anniversary.On 21st October 1918, the Provisional National Assembly convened, after which a provisional constitution was enacted and a State Council established. The first State Chancellor was the social democrat Dr. Karl Renner. The German-Austrian Republic, as it was then called, was proclaimed on 12th November 1918 in front of hundreds of thousands of people who had gathered on the ‘Ring’ (Vienna’s ring road) in front of the parliament building. On the previous day, Emperor Charles I had renounced all participation in affairs of state. On the same day, women were accorded the right to vote, and they were able to exercise this right for the first time at the elections for the Constituent Assembly on 16th February 1919. During the signing of the Saint Germain Peace Treaty in the same year, the “Republic of Austria” was chosen as the new name for the country and a provision banning union with Germany enacted.
Issue Date: 23.08.2018
Basilica of the Nativity of Mary
Baroque churches in Burgenland with a special stamp from the series “Churches in Austria”: the Basilica of the Nativity of Mary in Frauenkirchen. Even back in medieval times, faithful pilgrims traveled to Frauenkirchen in the district of Neusiedl am See, which at that time was in Hungary, to venerate an image of the nursing Madonna in a small chapel. This was destroyed in the First Turkish Siege of Vienna in 1529, which was built in 1678. Both the church and the monastery were completely destroyed during the Second Turkish victories in 1683, but Paul I, Prince Esterhazy had both rebuilt soon afterwards and Frauenkirchen became a popular place of pilgrimage for countless pilgrims from Austria, Hungary and Slovakia. In 1990 Frauenkirchen was elevated to the status of Basilica minor.
Issue Date: 08.09.2018