150 Years of the Abolition of Slavery in Portugal

By Decree of 25 February 1869, slavery was abolished in all of the territories that composed Portugal, all slaves being declared free. The Decree was introduced on the initiative of the Marquis of Sá da Bandeira and ended a long and degrading cycle, begun in 1441 with the capture of the first black slaves on the southern coast of Cape Bojador, on the expedition to Rio de Oro, brought on ships captained by Antão Gonçalves and Nuno Tristão.

Issue Date: 25.02.2019 ,Designer: B2 Design, Printer: Cartor Security Printing (France), Process: Offset, Stamp Size: 40 x 30,6 mm, Values: €0.53, €0.75

Queen Mary II of Portugal

Queen Maria II of Portugal (Rio de Janeiro, 4 April 1819 – Lisbon, 15 November 1853) was the first-born child of Pedro I (1798-1834) and Maria Leopoldina (1797-1826), Emperor and Empress of Brazil and King and Queen of Portugal. Her paternal grandfather was João VI (1767-1826), King of Portugal, and her maternal grandfather was Francis I (1768-1835), Emperor of Austria (also known as Francis II, last Holy Roman emperor). She was, successively, Princess of Beira (1819-1822), Princess Imperial of Brazil (1822-1825), Princess of Grão-Pará (1825-1826) and Queen of Portugal (1826-1853).

Issue Date: 25.02.2019, Designer: Atelier Pendão & Prior, Printer: BPOST Philately & Stamps Printing, Process: Offset Stamp Size: 40 x 30,6 mm, M/S Size: 125 x 95 mm, Values: €0.53, €0.65, €0.86, €0.91

700th Anniversary of the Founding of the Order of Christ

The celebration of the seven hundredth anniversary of the founding of the Order of Christ, featured in this philatelic issue of the CTT, is an important moment for raising awareness of Portuguese History. Today, the Military Order of Christ is the custodian of a long history as both an Honorific Order, an Order of Nobility and a Religious and Military Order. The origins of the Order of the Templars – “the Order of Poor Fellow- Soldiers of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon” – are found in the early 12th century following the 1st Crusade, when the Order was established in the medieval County of Portugal to assist in the reconquest and help establish the border in the area north of Santarém between the Mondego and Tagus rivers. The deep crisis faced by Knights Templar in their confrontation with the King of France, Philip IV, which led to Pope Clement V abolishing the order in 1314, was overcome in Portugal by the diplomatic initiative of King Dinis, who managed to save that part of the Order located in Portugal, transforming it, with papal consent (Bull Ad ea ex quibus, 14 March 1319, Pope John XXII), into the new Order of Our Lord Jesus Christ. The Order became strongly linked to the Monarchy by the end of the Reconquest and its support would play a fundamental role in the maritime discoveries of Prince Henry the Navigator. Nonetheless, the status of the Order would subsequently vary significantly until the present day.

Issue Date: 19.03.2019, Designer: Atelier Design&etc/Elizabete Fonseca, Printer: Cartor, Process:Offset, Size of Stamp: 40 x 30,6 mm, Size of M/S: 125 x 95, Values: €0.53, €1.00

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