Fauna 2018 – Fish

Neretva trout (Salmothymus obtusirostris oxyrhynchus) lives in the Neretva river and its tributaries. The body is elongated and flattened on the sides, dark-green with dark spots and it can grow up to 50 cm and weight 2 kg.

Prikanac (Phoxinellus pseudalepidotus) is a unique endemic fish that lives only in lower half of Mostarsko blato. It’s average size is 7,50 cm and lives maximum four years. It feeds with bugs, other water invertebrates and vegetables.

Spined loach (Cobitis herzegoviensis) also lives only in lower half of Mostarsko blato. It has oblong and flattened body with separate small shells that are visible only under the magnifying glass. It has a very elongated triangular head.

Barbelgudgeon (Aulopyge hugelii) has a body without shells, elongated, narrow and a shrunken head. Its bronze color with black spots and dots. On dorsal fin there is highlighted hard spine with a toothed inner edge on which it is named. (Željka Šaravanja)

Size: 35,50 x 25,56 mm, Paper: white, 102 g, adhesive, Comb perforation: 14, Printer: Zrinski d.d. Čakovec, Date of issue: 1.11. 2018, Value: 2,70, BAM Copies: 10.000 series, Sheet: 8 stamps, Design: Ante Marić

Flora 2018: Daphne blagayana and Autumn Lady’s-Tresses

Daphne blagayana is an endemic plant of southeastern Europe and is protected in most countries. It grows like a shrub with a well-branched root with hairy shoots. It is evergreen plant, skinned and shiny with small spine on top. It blooms in April and May and the flowers are in a form of dense bloom. It grows in light forests and shrubs of the Herzegovinian mountains Čvrsnica and Vran above 1600 meters above sea level. It was discovered in 1837 and named after Slovenian botanist Count Rihard Blagaj.

Autumn lady’s-tresses (Spiranthes spiralis) belongs to the category of endangered plant species in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The slim stem with thick light hairs grows from the ground. The upper part of the stem is spirally twisted as well as the flower composed of 10 to 30 small, green-white flowers arranged around the axis. The smell of the flowers reminds of the smell of vanilla or almond. It blooms in September and in October. It grows on dry to semi-dry grasslands on a hilly terrain. (Željka Šaravanja)

Design: Tamara Herceg, Size: 25,56 x 35,50 mm, Paper: white, 102 g, adhesive, Perforation: 14, Printer: Zrinski d.d. Čakovec, Date of issue: 1. 11. 2018, Value: 2,00 BAM, Copies: 10.000 series, Sheet: 10 stamps

Coin of King Tvrtko II,Dinar and Groat

King Tvrtko II ruled the Bosnian kingdom in the first half of the 15th century and had reigned twice. The first period of reign lasted from 1404 to 1409, and the second was from 1420 up to 1443. He left visible traces in the history of medieval Bosnia on political, economic and cultural levels. Quite a while had passed after using Venetian coins and coins from Dubrovnik in Bosnia, when King Tvrtko II had begun making his own coins. He endeavored to increase the royal income, amongst other things, reconstructing the mint that was assumed to be in central Bosnia. In this area, many essential mining centers were located, the largest suppliers of mint silver mines: Dusina, Ostružnica, Deževica and Fojnica.

Three types of Tvrtko’s coins were familiar: the groat, dinar, and semi dinar. The groat belongs to the largest mint coin with a radius of 2,5 to 2,7 cm. This coin represents also a typological innovation in the Bosnian mint. The practice of having the ruler’s face on one side with the face of Jesus Christ on the other side was abandoned. King Tvrtko’s coin showed on the front side the kingdom’s title and coat of arms, and on the back side the figure of Saint Gregory of Nazianzus.

On the stamps are displayed the dinar and groat that are exhibited in the Franciscan Museum of the Monastery of the Holy Spirit in Fojnica. (Željka Šaravanja)

Croatian Post Ltd. Mostar has issued two commemorative postage stamps in a sheet of 8 stamps + 4 vignettes, postmark and first day cover (FDC). This stamp along with its accompanying material may be purchased online at www.epostshop.ba

Design: Manlio Napoli, Size: 25,56 x 35,50 mm (blindruck), Paper: white, 102 g, adhesive, Comb perforation: 14, Printer: Zrinski d.d. Čakovec, Date of issue: 31. 10. 2018, Value: 5,00 BAM, Copies: 10.000 series, Sheet: 8 stamps + 4 vignettes

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